Abstracts

A look at the opinions of the experts about the signification extent
of rational proofs of the Quran's undistortability

 

Ghulal Ali AziziKia/ Associate Professor of Quranic Interpretation and Science Department, IKI

                                                                                                                                      azizikia@qabas.net

Received: 2017/02/06 - Acceopted: 2017/07/12

 

Abstract

There are various proofs for the undistortability of the Quran some of which are rational and some others narrational.

Narrational proofs deny all kinds of distortions, such as addition or omission or displacement; but there are disagreements about the domain of rational signification on the immunity of the Qur'an.

The author of this paper has studied, through descriptive-analytical method the views of the experts in this field and has come to this conclusion that the reason has a clear indication for undistortability of the Qur'an, in term of addition or interpolation spoiling the miraculous nature of the Qur'an.

But in order to prove undistortability of the Qur'an, in terms of diminution, the rational reason alone is not effective so we should rely for this purpose on narrations.

Key words: undistortability of the Qur'an, reason and undistortability of the Qur'an, Seal of Prophethood, divine grace, miracle and undistortability of the Qur'an


Meaningfulness and cognitivity of the language
of the Quran from Allameh Tabatabai’s perspective

 

Amir Reza Ashrafi/ Associate Professor of Quranic Interpretation and Science Department, IKI

                                                                                                                                      ashrafi@qabqs.net

Received: 2016/12/11 - Acceopted: 2017/05/12

 

Abstract

One of the most important contemporary questions about the language of the Qur'an is its meaningfulness and cognitivity. In the era of Allamah Tabatabai, these issues have not been seriously addressed in scientific circles, especially in the seminaries. According to Alameh, meaningfulness is the ability to transfer the speaker's intent to the mind of the listener. Based on this criterion, all the Qur'anic propositions, including the reporting and the imperative statements, are meaningful.

According to Allamah, mere reliance on positivistic criteria in meaningfulness of a proposition, either in the form of "positivistic verifiability" or "falsifiability", is not correct.

The criterion for meaningfulness of metaphysical propositions in religious texts is it’s susceptibility to be proved by rational criteria. Through this criterion, the propositions of the Qur'an and other religious texts are meaningful.

The cognitivity of the Qur'anic language has many internal and external proofs; among which are, the challenges of the Qur'an, it’s being away from any discrepancy in various dimensions, the reflection of the divine knowledge and wisdom in it, describing the Qur'an as truth and wise and the demonstrability of the Quranic propositions.

Key words: meaningfulness, cognitivity, realism, reasons for realism Qur'anic propositions, Allamah Tabatabai


A Critical Assessment of the Traditions of the Descent of the Qur'an
on the Sahābah’s Tongues (A Look at the Book of Al-Itqān by al-Sūyūti)

 

Mahdi Akbarnejad/ Associate professor, Ilam University                           m_akbarnezhaad@yahoo.com

Mina Yaghoubi/ PhD student of Quran and Hadith Sciences, Ilam University

Received: 2017/01/05 - Acceopted: 2017/06/12

 

Abstract

One of the most important sources in the field of the Quranic sciences is Jalāl al-Dīn al-Sūyūti's al-Itqān Fi Ulūm al-Qur'an that has drawn the attention of Quranic scholars and researchers from various aspects.

This work, like any other works, is not immune from defects and errors which have found their ways into it. Due to its relevance to Quranic sciences, closing eyes to the above objections will have far-reaching consequences.

Therefore, in this research, which is carried out on library and content based analytical method; we would study and criticize one of the controversial issues existing in this work.

The tenth section of al-Itqān titled. "Fima unzil min al-Qurān ala lisān baz as-Sahābah" claims a kind of pre-revelation or inspiration of some verses of the Holy Qur'an on the tongue of the Prophet's companions. Whether or not the claim is genuine, the assessment reveals that the purport of these reports is in utter contrast with the indisputable rational, historical and narrative proofs.

Key words: Revelation of the Qur'an, companions’ tongues, Sīyūtī, Al-Itqān


The Semantic Components of
"the Jew" in the Qur'an Based on Syntagmatic Relations

 

Mahmoud Karimi/Associate Professor, Imam Sadeq University                                      karimii@isu.ac.ir

Fatemeh Shafiee / M.A in Qur'an and Hadith Sciences, University of Quranic Sciences and Education

Received: 2016/10/23 - Acceopted: 2017/04/04

 

Abstract

The Jews are an ethno-religious group that has been referred to more than any other ethnic groups in the Holy Qur'an. The frequent references to the Jews are focused on their opposition and hostility to Islam. Considering the repeated mention of these people and the frequent depiction of the story of the Israelites in the Holy Qur'an, it is essential for the Islamic community to have accurate knowledge of this tribe. Obviously, the main Islamic source to obtain and develop this recognition is the Holy Quran.

One of the modern methods in revealing the purpose and meaning of the Qur'an in various subjects is the semantics of Quranic words and phrases. Based on this, the semantics of "the Jew" in the Quran can provide precise understanding of this people.

In this article, through revealing the syntagm of each word signifying "the Jew" in the Qur'an and their explications, the semantic components of "the Jew" in the Qur'an including the doctrinal, ethical and practical components are obtained.

These components are: denying God, aggression, covering facts, disobedience to God and Prophets, materialistic tendency, arrogance, rebellion, hostility, mockery, distraction, disagreement, ignorance, fear, jealousy and hypocrisy.

Key words: Jew, Bible, Books, Jewish semantics


The Relationship Between
"Remembrance" and "Thinking" in the Holy Qur'an

 

Majid Shamskalahi/ Assistant Professor, IKI                                                  shams124000@ yahoo.com

Received: 2016/12/24 - Acceopted: 2017/06/17

 

Abstract

The Holy Qur'an, in numerous verses, calls the men to"remembrance" and considers achieving that degree the feature of “Ulu al-bab i.e. those who possess intellect. The great emphasis of the Holy Qur'an about remembrance makes man understand its meaning and reality in view of the Holy Quran, thus realizing and maintaining its continuity in his own self. The major meanings presented for "remembrance" in exegetical works are: “exhortation” "thinking" and “recollection”

This paper prefers the term Tazakkur in the sense of "thinking" over other presented meanings through analyzing its origin and ultimately substantiates the view that "Tazakkur" in the verses speaking of it in the worldly abode refers to "thoughtfulness".

Key words: exhortation, thinking, the relation of thinking and remembrance


Study of the Qur'anic Proofs of Positivistic Conventionalists
in the Field of Ethics

 

Hasan Mohiti/ Phd of Comparative Ethics                                                               nagi1364@yahoo.com

Received: 2016/12/12 - Acceopted: 2017/06/10

 

Abstract

Positivistic conventionalism in ethics refers to a viewpoint whereby it is possible to discover ethical values and duties through convention. This view is supported by Western and Muslim scholars.

The reasons they have presented for their conventional beliefs, include rational and narrative proofs (verses and narrations). The study of these reasons seems to be necessary due to their relativistic implications and harmful cultural consequences emanating from the promotion of this belief. Therefore, in the present research, we have studied some of their textual proofs, namely, Quranic arguments. In addition, through analyzing the divinely-revealed verses, we have extracted the standpoint of the Holy Qur'an regarding the epistemic validity of convention in terms of exploring ethical duties and values. A close study of the Qur'anic proofs presented by the positivistic ethical conventionalists reveals that none of them can prove their claim.

Furthermore, an analysis of the verses of the Holy Qur'an shows that according to the verses, conventional understanding and behavior cannot be regarded tantamount to discovering ethical values and duties.

Key words: Convention, conventional understanding, conventional behavior, positivistic conventionalism, ethical exploration, diagnosis of duties