قيمت مقاله الكترونيكي: 

Factors Contributing to Establishing Monotheism in Society from the Point of View of the Qur'an, with Emphasis on Verse 29 of chapter Fath


Amir Reza Ashrafi/ Associate Professor of Quranic Interpretation and Science Department, IKI


Mohammad Mehdi Pouralifard / PhD Student of Teaching Theology the Subdiscipline of Theoretical Foundations of Islam

Received: 2015/03/03 - Acceopted: 2016/07/17



Towhid (monotheism), which means believing in the unity of God, is established when its effects appear in the behavior of the people in society. This paper attempts to explain the most important factors of monotheism and the general process of monotheism in society based on verse 29 of Fath chapter and the analysis of the other verses related to thematic interpretation method. The research results show that factors such as following the Messenger of Allah, rigor and solidity against infidels, kindness to believers, paying attention to prayer and spirituality, and continuous effort to consolidate the foundations of Muslims’ dignity and power are among the most important factors of monotheism. On the other hand, the process of establishing monotheism in society begins by accepting divine authority, and continues by avoiding servitude to tyranny and reliance on oppressors, endurance against the enemies’ seditions, relying on inner abilities, seeking help from the Friend of God and asking for divine support.

Key words: monotheism, establishing monotheism, monotheism in society, factors contributing to the establishment of monotheism.

The Effects and Outcomes of Various Interpretive Possibilities for the Verses of the Holy Qur'an


Mohammad Naghibzadeh / Assistant Professor at Imam Khomeini Institute of Education and Research


Received: 2016/10/03 - Acceopted: 2017/02/12



The existence of several possibilities of interpreting some of the Quranic verses has raised the doubt about the ability of grasping the meaning of Qur'anic text, i.e. at first, the meaning of the words of the author was missing but over the time, different ideas were presented about their meaning. Of course, thanks to God, the wise author of the Qur'an, the meaning of the Qur'an is fixed, and the disagreement among the interpreters about the meaning is due to their lack of knowledge. However, the fact that there are various views about the meaning of Qur'anic verses cannot be ignored. This paper does not address the reasons why there are differing views, but it seeks to show the results of these diverse viewpoints. Using a descriptive analytical method and focusing on these main issues relating to beliefs, education and interpretation the paper reviews the benefits of the existence of the possibilities of interpreting some verses. On the basis of these three areas, the various possibilities of interpretation have effect on the ideological aspect of Muslims and educational and ethical effects, as well. Moreover, according to interpretive logic, they exert effect on provoking discussions on the methodology of interpretation.

Key words: the Quran, interpretation, interpretation possibilities, the effects of the existence of interpretive possibilities, ideological effects, educational effects, interpretative effects.


A Lexical Analysis of the Qur'anic Words"Ruh, Nafs, Qalb, Fuad, and Sadr" and Their Variety or Sameness, with Emphasis on the Views of Allameh Tabataba'i, Ayatollah Misbah Yazdi and Ayatollah Javadi Amuli


Sayyed Mohammad Hajati Shooraki / MA of Religious Studies, Imam Khomeini Institute of Education and Research                                                                                                             Hajati65@chmail.ir

Hossein Naghavi / Assistant Professor of Religions, Imam Khomeini Institute of Education and Research

Received: 2016/04/13 - Acceopted: 2016/08/30



The Quranic words "Ruh, Nafs, Qalb, Fuad, and Sadr" refer to the second dimension of man. Using a descriptive-analytical method, this paper discusses whether these words refer to onething or to various things, and analyzes the views of commentators, especially Allameh Tabatabai, Ayatollah Misbah Yazdi and Ayatollah Javadi Amoli to present a new criterion for distinguishing between the aforementioned words. The research result shows that this abstract matter is called Ruh before joining the body, and it is called Nafs after joining it.

Also, these two words are distinct from the three words: Qalb, Fuad and Sadr. These three words have the same meaning as Nafs or Ruh in their common use, but when used in association with attributes, they refer to the levels of human spirit or soul; or Ruh and Nafs may refer to the whole truth of man, but Qalb, Fuad and Sadr are qualities that do not refer to the whole truth of man despite being united with Nafs and Ruh.

Key words: dimensions of man, Ruh, Nafs, Qalb, fuad, Sadr ,the unity of the powers of soul.


A Semantic Analysis of "Takfir" (Expiating One's Guilts) in the Holy Qur'an with Emphasis on Associations and Substitutions


 Fathiyah Fattahizadeh / Professor of Hadith and Quranic Sciences , Al-Zahra University


Roqayeh Rezaee / MA in Hadith and Quranic Sciences

Farideh Amini / MA in Hadith and Quranic Sciences

Received: 2016/06/20 - Acceopted: 2017/09/18



The Qur'anic words cannot be dissociated from one another, and their precise meaning is properly understood from the elaborate system of the relations among them. Using a semantic- linguistic approach, the present study seeks to explain the term "Takfir". First, while studying the literal and idiomatic meanings of "Takfir"and its derivations, it deals with the concepts of association and substitution related to this word in order to reach a conclusion about the constituents of the meaning components of "Takfir", and then, it examines the shades of meaning of "Takfir". The outcome of studying the concepts that associate with and substitute for "Takfir" suggests that there is a significant relationship between the two concepts of Ghofran (forgiveness) and "Takfir". Therefore, Ghofran can be considered as a substitute for "Takfir". Faith, righteous deeds, repentance, piety, jihad and emigration can be among the constituents of each of Takfir and Ghofran. Also, in addition to the concept of Ghofran, the concepts of reform, removing, giving pardon and effacing fall in the same semantic domain of “Takfir”.

Key words: the holy Quran, semantics analysis of Takfir, Ghofran, association and substitution.


Conceptualizing the Quranic Word of "Lisan" in the Light of the Metaphorical Theory


 Fatemeh Habibi / PhD Student of the Quran and Hadith Sciences, Al-Zahra University


Fathiyah Fattahizadeh / Professor of the Quran and Hadith Sciences, Al-Zahra University

Farideh Haghbin / Associate Professor of Linguistics, Al-Zahra University

Received: 2017/01/16 - Acceopted: 2017/07/13



One of the most common perspectives in cognitive linguistics is the theory of "conceptual metaphor" that can be used in religious studies. The present study begins with an introduction to the metaphor and theory of conceptual metaphor. Then, examining the concept of "lisan" in the holy Quran by resting on the theory of conceptual metaphor, this study examines the effect of this view on understanding religious propositions. According to the research findings, six conceptual metaphors have been detected in the given verses, in which language and the actions related to it, such as knocking, receiving (understanding), closing and opening, testifying, and twisting are used to conceptualize such ideas as showing hostility, sarcasm, ridiculing, fluency in speech and the like (which are of high degree of abstraction and cannot be considered as basic human experiences).

Key words: the holy Qur'an, semantic development, the theory of conceptual metaphor, language, human, Lisan, metaphysical.

The Qur'anic – and Fiqhi Viewpoint on the Decree of the Punishment for Sab al-nabi (Abusing the Prophet)


 Majid Mojarrad / PhD student of Quranic Sciences and Hadith, Nahjol Balagh Research Center

Sayyed Reza Mo'addab / Professor of Quran and Hadith Sciences, Qom University

Received: 2017/02/05 - Acceopted: 2017/06/21



The holy Prophet (PBUH) has a high status in Islam and it is incumbent on every one to honor him. For various purposes such as preventing any kind of chaos in Islamic society, recognizing the Prophet's high station and maintaining his true and legal status, Islam has administered punishments for blasphemers who speak in an offensive way about the Prophet. From the perspective of the Holy Qur'an and Islamic Fiqh, the punishment for those who speak in an offensive way about the holy Prophet of Islam are: futility of their deeds, their getting into the abyss of disbelief and apostasy, their entrance into the abyss of fighting against God and the Prophet corruption on earth and their being subject to Divine curse and torture. This paper examines the unfounded claim that punishing those who speak in an offensive way about the Prophet is against freedom of speech. Moreover, along with the question of the punishment administered for those who abuse the Prophet, some other issues are discussed in Islamic Fiqh such as the consensus of the Shite and Sunni Faqihs on killing the person who abuses the Prophet and the role of such components as secondary and governmental rules, belief, compulsion and the state of being purposeless, all of which indicate the unlawfulness of abusing the Prophet and are regarded as the measures which Islam takes to prevent it.

Key words: sab (speak in an offensive way about someone), cursing, abusing the Prophet, punishment for abusing the Prophet, unlawfulness of abusing the Prophet, freedom of speech.